Please explain [Encoding mode] - Codec, Quality, Size, and Sound Configuration

In the cutting configuration window, select [Encoding Settings] to configure detailed options.

 0   File Format

  • AVI: The video file edited by Bandicut is saved as an .avi file.
  • MP4: The video file edited by Bandicut is saved as an .mp4 file.
  • MKV: The video file edited by Bandicut is saved as an .mkv file.
  • WebM: The video file edited by Bandicut is saved as a .webm file.


Format Setting - Video

 1   Video - Codec

Codecs are a kind of video compression format.


  • H.264: H.264 is one of the most popular codecs for the recording, compression, and distribution of high definition video. It allows you to edit the video in high speed and high compression ratio with an excellent quality.
  • XVID: The XVID codec offers a good quality of video and uses lower CPU usage than MPEG-1.
  • MPEG-1: The MPEG-1 codec offers a good quality of video and uses much less CPU than other codecs.
  • MPEG-4: MPEG-4 (video codec) is a well known compression method of the MPEG group. (MP4 is a container for the mpeg-4 video codec.)
  • VP8: VP8 is an open and royalty free video compression format owned by Google. It is similar to H.264.
  • VP9: VP9 is an open and royalty free video compression format owned by Google. It is similar to H.265.
  • Motion JPEG: M-JPEG is an informal name for a class of video formats. It is compressed as a JPEG image.
  • YV12: Due to the fact that YV12 doesn’t compress video, the video quality is better than H.264/XVID. However, the file size is much bigger than H.264/XVID (The file size is smaller than RGB24)
  • RGB24: Due to the fact that RGB24 doesn’t compress video, the video quality is better than H.264/XVID. However, the file size is much bigger than H.264/XVID (The file size is bigger than YV12)

 2   Video - Bitrate Control

  • VBR : VBR (Variable bitrate) allows a higher bitrate to be allocated to the more complex segments of media files while less space is allocated to less complex segments.
  • CBR : When referring to codecs, CBR(Constant Bitrate) encoding means that the rate at which a codec's output data should be consumed is constant.

 3   Video: Quality(%) or Bitrate

  • Quality : You can choose the video quality. If you have a high-performance computer and want to get the best quality video, select 100 (%).
  • Bitrate (kbps) : If you checked VBR, you can get a better quality-to-space ratio compared to a CBR (Constant bitrate) file of the same data.

    Bitrate represents the amount of information. If you un-checked VBR, you can choose bitrate (3.5 Mbit/s: Standard-definition television quality, 9.8 Mbit/s: DVD, 8 to 15 Mbit/s: HDTV quality)

 4   Video - Size

  • Keep Original Size: The re-encoded video will be saved in the original size.
  • Fit Width: If you set the width to 1024, the width of the re-encoded video will always be 1024.
  • Fit Height: If you set the height to 720, the height of the re-encoded video will always be 720. (If you want to upload a 720p video to YouTube, set the height to 720)
  • 320*240: The re-encoded video will be saved in 320*240.
  • Custom: You can set the re-encoded video size by yourself.

 5   Video - FPS

  • FPS means frames per second. You can set the FPS for your re-encoded video.
  • With a higher FPS, you can get a more natural video (smooth motion)
  • Normally, 30 FPS is good for re-encoded video (Regularly, movies are 24 FPS and TV is 30 FPS)


Format Setting - Audio

 6   Audio - Codec

  • AAC: Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) is a lossy audio compression format and it generally offers higher-quality sound than an MP3 while using the same amount of disk space, or less.
  • MPEG-1 L2: MP2 is a lossy audio compression format and it is a dominant standard for audio broadcasting. MP2 has a good compression rate, small file size and uses much lower CPU usage than PCM.
  • MPEG-1 L3(MP3): MP3 is the most popular digital audio format worldwide.
  • PCM: PCM (Pulse-code modulation) is a lossless audio compression format and it is the standard form for digital audio in computers and various Blu-ray, Compact Disc and DVD formats.
  • OPUS: Opus is a lossy audio coding format developed by the Xiph.Org Foundation. According to several blind listening tests, it is better than any other standard audio format including MP3, AAC, and HE-AAC.
  • VORBIS: Vorbis is a lossy audio coding format developed by the Xiph.Org Foundation. Opus replaces Vorbis.
  • FLAC: FLAC (Free Lossless Audio Codec) is an audio coding format for lossless compression of digital audio.

 7   Audio - Bitrate Control

  • VBR : VBR (Variable bitrate) allows a higher bitrate to be allocated to the more complex segments of media files while less space is allocated to less complex segments.
  • CBR : When referring to codecs, CBR(Constant Bitrate) encoding means that the rate at which a codec's output data should be consumed is constant.

 8   Audio - Bitrate (kbps)

  • Bitrate represents the amount of information.

    (32 kbit/s: MW (AM) quality, 96 kbit/s: FM quality, 192 kbits/s: The highest level supported by most MP3 encoders when ripping from a Compact Disc, 256 kbit/s: Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) MP2 bit rate required to achieve a high quality signal)


 9   Audio - Channels

  • Stereo: Stereo sound is usually achieved by using two or more independent audio channels. Stereo sound is used in most entertainment applications.
  • Mono: Mono sound is single-channel. It is used for radiotelephone communications, telephone networks, etc.

 10   Audio - Frequency (Hz)

(The sampling rate) Frequency is the number of samples per second.

  • 22,050 Hz: Used for lower-quality PCM and MPEG audio
  • 32,000 Hz: Used for television sound in some countries
  • 44,100 Hz: Used for Audio CDs, also most commonly used with MPEG-1 audio (VCD, SVCD, MP3).
  • 48,000 Hz: The standard audio sampling rate used by professional digital video equipment



Related FAQs

  1. How to cut/merge/split multiple sections at the same time.
  2. How can I select the cutting area properly?
  3. What is the difference between [High-Speed mode] and [Encoding mode]?
  4. Please explain [Encoding mode] - Codec, Quality, Size, and Sound Configuration.
  5. I cannot use [High-Speed mode].
  6. I need technical support.



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